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Exposure to violence and its relationship to mental health in Palestinian youth


Glenn Wagner,1 Peter Glick,1 Umaiyeh Khamma-sh,2,3 Mohammed Shaheen,4 Ryan Brown,1 Prodyumna Goutam,1 Rita Karam,1 Sebastian Linnemayr 1 and Salwa Massad 3,5

1RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, United States of America. 2Juzoor for Health and Social Development, Ramallah, Palestine. 3United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), Jerusalem, Palestine. 4School of Public Health, Al Quds University, Abu-Dis, Palestine. 5Palestinian National Institute of Public Health, Ramallah, Palestine. (Correspondence to Glenn Wagner: .).


Background: Exposure to violence is a significant risk factor for the development of psychopathology in young people. Research on the mental health consequences of violence exposure in youth has focused mostly on post-traumatic stress disorder, however, the association with depression and anxiety has also been established. As a result of the longstanding Israeli–Palestinian conflict, young Palestinians are vulnerable to exposure to various types of violence.

Aims: We examined psychiatric symptomatology and its relationship to direct and indirect forms of violence exposure.


Wagner G; Glick P; Khamma-sh U; Shaheen M; Brown R; Goutam et al. Exposure to violence and its relationship to mental health in Palestinian youth. East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(2):xxx–xxx.